Antigua and Barbuda

 

Overview of Country Gender Equality Status


Normative and Policy Frameworks

Domestic Violence Act

Title

Date Passed

Date Amended

Contents

Key Amendments

Domestic Violence Act

18 February 1999

 

- Protection Order
- Occupation Order
- Tenancy Order

- General: Evidence; Standard of Proof; Protection of Mortgagee; Property Rights

 

The Sexual Offences Act

26 July 1995

10 September 2004

 

Section 30, about committing the accused for trial, was repealed.



Gender Policy

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

No

 


 


 




National Strategic Action Plan on Gender Based Violence

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

Yes

National Strategic Action Plan to End Gender-based Violence

2013 - 2018

Directorate of Gender Affairs received grant from UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women for implementation of the plan.




Regional and International Human Rights Conventions

CEDAW Convention Optional Protocol

Year Signed/Year Ratified/Ascension (A)

Reporting Status

(Publication Date)

Concluding Observations

Report(s) Due

Year Signed/Year Ratified

No signature date/

1 August 1989 (A)

Combined Initial, 2nd & 3rd Report – September 26 1995

16th & 17th Session - 1997

4th Report – 31 August 2002

No signature date/

5 June 2006 (A)



Convention of Belem do Para

Year Signed/

Year Ratified

Reporting Status

No signature date/

17 November 1998 (A)

Response to Second Multilateral Evaluation Round Questionnaire (2009-2014)



Universal Periodic Review

Reporting Status

Date of Consideration

Outcome of Review

Decision of the Outcome

19 July 2011

 

4 October 2011

Provided on: 14 December 2011

16 March 2012

 




Convention on the Rights of the Child

Year Signed/Year Ratified

Reporting Status (Publication Date)

Report(s) Due

Concluding Observations

12 March 1991/

5 November 1993

 

2nd – 4th Reports - submitted 10 July 2014

To be determined

To be reviewed at 72nd Session, 2016




Population/Demography

Population disaggregated by sex and age

Age Group

Females

Males

Both Sexes

 

Year/Source

No

%

No

%

No

 

0-14

10 088

49.4

10 323

50.6

20 411

2011/Census

15-24

6 937

50.6

6 760

49.4

13 697

25-34

7 028

53.0

6 236

47.0

13 264

35-44

7 287

54.1

6 173

45.9

13 460

45-54

6 042

53.2

5 309

46.8

11 351

55-64

3 526

52.7

3 161

47.3

6 687

65+

3 633

55.4

2 927

44.6

6 560

Not stated

40

29.4

96

70.6

136

Adolescent Fertility Rate

(births per 1,000)

49

--

--

--

--

2012/World Bank

Life span

 

Years

Years

Years

2014/CIA World Fact Book

78.3

--

74.0

--

783



Education and Training

Student population by sex

Educational Level

Female

Male

Total

Year

Net enrolment

rate (%)[i]

Year

No

%

No

%

No

 

Female

Male

Primary

5 040

48.2

5 413

51.8

10 453

2012

83.9

86.7

2012

Secondary

4 479

53.4

3 904

46.6

8 383

2012

84.9

72.0

2012

Tertiary (per 100 000

inhabitants)[ii]

2 673

--

1 288

--

2 012

2012

--

--

--

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics




Labour

Employment status and occupational status by sex and age group

Employment status

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

Employed

21 341

18 602

39 943

2007/Country Poverty Assessment

Labour Force Participation Rate

N/A

N/A

N/A

 


Unemployment Rate

N/A

N/A

11% (est.)

2001/CIA World Fact Book

Part-time employed

N/A

N/A

N/A

 




Employed Population by Economic Sector

Economic Sector

Female

Male

Total

Agriculture, Hunting & Forestry

225

563

788

Fishing

2

288

290

Mining & Quarrying

22

99

121

Manufacturing

7

1 054

1 061

Electricity, Gas, Water Supply

107

478

692

Construction

138

3 419

3 557

Wholesale & Retail Trade

2 931

2 586

5 517

Hotels & Restaurant

3 455

2 327

5 782

Transport & Communication

1 121

2 082

3 203

Financial & Business Services

832

363

1 195

Real Estate, Renting & Business Activities

751

914

1 665

Government Services

2 587

2 399

4 986

Education

1 507

45

1 552

Health & Social Work

1 614

341

1 955

Other Services

172

1 337

1 509

Source: Country Gender Assessment




Leadership and Decision-Making

Number and percentage of women and men in leadership positions

Leadership Positions

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

No.

%

No.

%

Parliament

2

11.1

16

88.9

18

2014/Country Gender Assessment

Appointed chambers (Senate)

6

50.0

6

50.0

12

Civil Service - Permanent Secretaries

 

13

 

62.0

 

8

 

38.0

 

21

 

2013/Country Gender Assessment

Civil Service – Heads of Departments

 

8

 

40.0

 

12

 

60.0

 

20

Chief of Police

--

--

--

--

2015/Association of Caribbean Commissioners of Police

Judicial appointments

1

33.3

2

66.7

3

Accessed Feb 2015/Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

Magistrates appointments

 


 


 


 


 


 


Local government leaders

1

6.7

14

93.3

15

2013-14/Country Gender Assessment

Government ministers

1

6.7

14

93.3

15

2014/Caribbean Elections

Leaders of Parties

0

0.0

3

100.0

3

Deputy Heads of Parties

 


 


 


 


 


 


Speaker of the Parliament

--

--

--

--

2014/Government of Antigua & Barbuda

Head of Government

--

--

--

--

Head of State

--

--

--

--

2014/Caribbean Elections




Violence against Women

Number and percentage of intimate partner homicides (Year)

Homicides

Female

Male

% of total homicides

Intimate partner homicides

N/A

N/A

N/A

Source:

 



Gender and Poverty

Poverty and poverty status of vulnerable populations by sex/age group (based on country’s poverty line of EC$6 318)

Age group

Female

Male

Indigenous

Disabled

Elderly

PLHIV

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

 0-14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15-24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25-34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35-44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45-54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

55-64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

52.8% (of population living below poverty line)

47.2% (of population living below poverty line)

--

--

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

Source: Country Poverty Assessment, 2007

 

 

 

NOTES:



[i] Net enrolment rate – the number of children of the official school age enrolled in the educational level as a percentage of the total children of the official school age population.

[ii] Formula: 100 000 x (Total number of students enrolled in tertiary education in a given academic year/country’s population).

 

KEY

N/A        Not available

--           Not applicable

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