St. Kitts and Nevis

Overview of Country Gender Equality Status



Normative and Policy Frameworks

Domestic Violence Act

Title

Date Passed

Date Amended

Contents

Key Amendments

The Domestic Violence Act

2000

2005

- Protection Orders

- Occupation Orders

- Tenancy Orders

Creates a wide range of speedy and effective remedies to reduce domestic violence

The Offences Against the Person Act rev.

2002

 

 

 

 

Gender Policy

 

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

No

 

 

National Plan on Gender and Development for 1996-2000 Approved by the Government in 1996.

 

 

National Strategic Action Plan on Gender Based Violence

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

No

 

 

 

 

Regional and International Human Rights Conventions

CEDAW Convention Optional Protocol

Year Signed/Year Ratified/Ascension (A)

Reporting Status

(Publication Date)

Concluding Observations

Report(s) Due

Year Signed/Year Ratified

No signature date/

25 April 1985 (A)

Combined Initial - 4th Reports: 22 January 2001

27th Session: 9 October 2002

5th Report Due: 25th May 2002

No signature date

/20 January 2006 (A)

 

Convention of Belem do ParaYear

Signed/Year Ratified

Reporting Status

9 June 1994/
12 June 1995

Response to Second Multilateral Evaluation Round Questionnaire 2009-2014

 

Universal Periodic Review

Reporting Status

Date of Consideration

Outcome of Review

Decision of the Outcome

10 November 2010

28 January 2011

Provided on: 15 March 2011

Not recorded

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Year Signed/Year Ratified

Reporting Status (Publication Date)

Concluding Observations

Report(s) Due

26, January 1990/
24 July 1990

1st Report: 05 May 1997

24 August 1999

2nd Report:

1 September 1997

 

Population/Demography

Population disaggregated by sex and age (2011)

Age Group

Females

Males

Both Sexes

 

Year/Source

No

%

No

%

No

 

0-14

6 670

49.7

6 760

50.3

13 430

2000/CARICOM Stats (Census)

15-24

4 110

50.4

4 049

49.6

8 159

25-34

3 676

49.7

3 713

50.3

7 389

35-44

3 564

49.7

3 614

50.3

7 178

45-54

2 052

48.4

2 190

51.6

4 242

55-64

1 175

52.2

1 075

47.8

2 250

65+

2 105

57.2

1 572

42.8

3 677

Total

23 352

50.4

22 973

49.6

46 325

Adolescent Fertility Rate

(births per 1,000)

67.4

--

--

--

--

2006-2010/UNICEF

Life span

 

Years

Years

Years

2012/Country Gender Assessment

76.8

--

72.0

--

2010-15/UN Data

 

 

Education and Training

Student population by sex

Educational Level

Female

Male

Total

Year

Net enrolment

 rate (%)[i]

Year

No

%

No

%

No

 

Female

Male

Primary

2 800

50.1

2 789

49.9

5 589

2013

80.7

78.2

2013

Secondary

2 566

53.5

2 226

46.5

4 792

2013

87.9

82.1

2013

Tertiary (per 100,00

inhabitants)[ii]

2 235

--

1 112

--

 

2008

--

--

--

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics


 

 

Labour

Employment status and occupational status by sex and age group

 

Employment status

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

Employed

 

 

 

 

Labour Force Participation Rate:

St. Kitts

Nevis

 

70.3%

66.3%

 

78.0%

76.2%

 

 

2009/Country Gender Assessment

Unemployment Rate:

St. Kitts

Nevis

 

6.6%

8.3%

 

5.3%

8.1%

 

6.5%

N/A

 

Part-time employed

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

 

Employed Population by Economic Sector (2012)

Economic Sector

Female

Male

Total

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing

79

282

361

Manufacturing (including Mining & Quarrying)

1 304

865

2 169

Electricity, Gas & Water Supply

92

223

315

Construction

257

2 497

2 754

Wholesale & Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles & Motorcycles; Personal & Household Goods

1 977

1 519

3 496

Transport, Storage & Communication

768

812

1 580

Hotel & Restaurant

2 229

1 381

3 610

Financial Intermediation

873

371

1 244

Real Estate, Renting & Business Activities

786

797

1 583

Public Administration & Defence; Compulsory Social Security

4 015

2 846

6 861

Education, Health & Social Work

696

421

1 117

Other Community, Social & Personal Services

699

770

1 469

Private Households with Employed Persons

282

176

458

Activities of Extra-territorial Organisation & Bodies

3

1

4

Source:  Country Gender Assessment, 2014

 


 

Leadership and Decision-Making

Number and percentage of women and men in leadership positions

Leadership Positions

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

No.

%

No.

%

Parliament

 

Nevis Assembly

3

 

1

21.5

 

20.0

11

 

4

78.5

 

80.0

14

 

5

2015/Caribbean Elections

 

2013/Country Gender Assessment

Appointed chambers (Senate)

--

--

--

--

--

 

St. Kitts Civil Service:

Permanent Secretaries

Heads of Departments

 

8

12

 

53.3

34.3

 

7

23

 

46.7

65.7

 

15

35

 

2013/Country Gender Assessment

Nevis Civil Service:

Permanent Secretaries

Heads of Departments

 

2

8

 

20.0

28.6

 

8

20

 

80.0

71.4

 

10

28

 

Chief of Police

--

--

--

--

Accessed Feb 2015/Association of Caribbean Commissioners of Police

Judicial appointments

1

33.3

2

66.7

3

2013/Country Gender Assessment

Magistrates appointments

0

00.0

18

100.0

18

Local government leaders

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government ministers

1

11.1

8

88.9

9

2015/Caribbean Elections

Leaders of Parties

--

--

5

100.0

5

Accessed Feb 2015/Caribbean Elections

Deputy Heads of Parties

 

 

 

 

 

 

Speaker of the Parliament

--

--

--

--

Accessed Feb 2015/Inter-Parliamentary Union

Head of Government

--

--

--

--

2015/Caribbean Elections

Head of State

--

--

--

--

 

 

Violence against Women

Number and percentage of intimate partner homicides (2012)

Homicides

 

Female

Male

% of total homicides

Intimate partner homicides

0

0

0

Source: Country Gender Assessment

 


 

Gender and Poverty

Poverty and poverty status of vulnerable populations by sex/age group (based on country’s poverty index/line)

Age group

Female

Male

Indigenous

Disabled

Elderly

PLHIV

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

 0-14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15-24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25-34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35-44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45-54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

55-64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

N/A

N/A

--

--

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Source:


 

NOTES:



[i] Net enrolment rate – the number of children of the official school age enrolled in the educational level as a percentage of the total children of the official school age population.

[ii] Formula: 100 000 x (Total number of students enrolled in tertiary education in a given academic year/country’s population).

 

KEY

N/A        Not available
--            Not applicable