Jamaica

Overview of Country Gender Equality Status



Normative and Policy Frameworks

Domestic Violence Act

Title

Date Operational

Date Amended

Contents

Key Amendments

The Domestic Violence Act

 

 

 May 6 1996

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

- Application for Orders

- Protection Orders

- Occupation Orders

- General: interim orders; standard of proof; counselling; appeals; protection of mortgagee; Matrimonial Causes Act

- Remedies to victims of domestic violence, which include some orders

- Provides equality in Marriage and Family Law

Sexual Offences Act

June 30 2011

 

 

Joint select committee of Parliament appointed to review the act in 2014 and is still hearing and receiving submissions.

 

Gender Policy

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

Yes

 

National Policy for Gender Equality

March 2011

Also:

- National Policy Statement on Women (1987)

- National Development Plan- Gender Sectoral Plan (2009-2030)

 

 

National Strategic Action Plan on Gender Based Violence

 

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

Yes

National Strategic Plan to end Gender Based Violence (Draft)

2014-2024

- Completion is at an advanced stage.

- The monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework is currently being finalized.

- It is expected to be presented to the Cabinet for approval by May/June 2015.

 

Regional and International Human Rights Conventions

CEDAW Convention Optional Protocol

Year Signed/Year Ratified/Ascension (A)

Reporting Status

(Publication Date)

Report(s) Due

Concluding Observations

Year Signed/Year Ratified

17 July 1980/
19 October 1984

6th & 7th Periodic Report - 7 January 2011

8th Report - 1 July 2016

52nd Session - 6 August 2012

Not signed

 

Convention of Belem do Para

Year Signed/Year Ratified

Reporting Status

 

14 December 2005/
14 December 2005

Response to Second Multilateral Evaluation Round Questionnaire (2009-2014)

Final report

 

Universal Periodic Review

Reporting Status

Date of Consideration

Outcome of Review

Decision of the Outcome

20 August 2010

8 November 2010

Provided on: 4 January 2011

17 March 2011

 

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Year Signed/Year Ratified

Reporting Status (Publication Date)

Report(s) Due

Concluding Observations

26 January 1990/
14 May 1991

3rd & 4th Reports –
3 November 2013

To be determined

4 February 2015 (Advance Unedited Version)

 

 

Population/Demography

Population disaggregated by sex and age

Age Group

Females

Males

Both Sexes

Year/Source

No

%

No

%

No

 

0-14

320 822

49.2

331 492

50.8

652 312

2013/Statistical Institute of Jamaica

15-24

261 564

49.3

268 829

50.7

530 393

25-34

220 758

51.3

209 877

48.7

430  634

35-44

186 422

52.6

168 248

47.4

354 671

45-54

155 869

50.2

154 527

49.8

310 396

55-64

102 808

49.8

103 554

50.2

206 362

65+

124 240

53.3

108 981

46.7

233 221

Total

1 372 484

50.5

1 345 507

49.5

2 717 991

Adolescent Fertility Rate

(births per 1,000)

70

--

--

--

--

2012/World Bank

Life span

 

Years

Years

Years

2010-2015/UN Data

76.0

70.9

--

  

 

 

Education and Training

Student population by sex

Educational Level

Female

Male

Total

Year

Net enrolment

 rate (%)[1]

Year

No

%

No

%

No

 

Female

Male

Primary

132 054

48.3

141 177

51.7

273 231

2013

83.7

86.6

2013

Secondary

115 973

50.7

112 962

49.3

228 935

2013

71.2

66.5

2013

Tertiary (per 100,00

inhabitants)[2]

3 619

--

1 697

--

5 316

2013

--

--

--

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics



Labour

Employment status by sex


Employment status

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

Employed Labour Force

644 000

486 500

1 130 500

Jan 2014/Statistical Institute of Jamaica

Labour Force Participation Rate

56.0%

71.8%

63.0

2011/ECLAC

Unemployment Rate

17.4%

10.1%

13.4%

Jan 2014/Statistical Institute of Jamaica

Part-time employed

N/A

N/A

N/A

 



Employed Population by Economic Sector (January 2014)

Economic Sector

Female

Male

Total

Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry & Fishing

39 000

168 100

207 100

Mining & Quarrying

500

6 400

6 900

Manufacturing

23 800

47 900

71 700

Electricity,  Gas & Water Supply

1 200

6 800

8 000

Construction

2 700

78 800

81 500

Wholesale & Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles & Equipment

127 000

106 200

233 200

Transport, Storage & Communication

13 700

58 100

71 800

Hotel & Restaurant Services

49 500

31 200

80 700

Financial Intermediation

16 900

9 300

26 200

Real Estate, Renting & Business Activities

33 000

37 700

70 700

Public Administration & Defence; Compulsory Social Security

30 500

26 700

57 200

Education

52 700

17 300

70 000

Health & Social Work

24 500

8 100

32 600

Other Community, Social & Personal Service Activities

27 700

26 500

54 200

Private Households with Employed Persons

43 000

12 600

55 600

Industry Not Specified (including Extra-territorial Bodies)

800

2 300

3 100

 Source: Statistical Institute of Jamaica

 

 

Leadership and Decision-Making

Number and percentage of women and men in leadership positions


Leadership Positions

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

No.

%

No.

%

Parliament

8

12.7

55

87.3

63

2011/IPU

Appointed chambers (Senate)

6

28.6

15

71.4

21

Civil Service - Permanent Secretaries

9

56.2

7

43.8

16

Bureau of Women’s Affairs [3]

Civil Service – Heads of Departments/Divisions

470

65.6

246

34.4

716

Chief of Police

--

--

--

--

2014/Association of Caribbean Commissioners of Police

Judicial appointments

22

55.0

18

45.0

40

2015/Supreme Court

Magistrates appointments

40

78.4

11

21.6

51

2009/CEDAW Report

Local government leaders –

Councillors

Mayors

 

28

  3

 

16.7

21.4

 

140

  11

 

83.3

78.6

 

168

  14

Bureau of Women’s Affairs[4]

Government ministers

5

18.5

22

81.5

27

2015/Government of Jamaica

Leaders of Parties

2

66.7

1

33.3

3

Accessed Feb 2015/Caribbean Elections

Deputy Heads of Parties

 

 

 

 

 

 

Speaker of the Parliament

--

--

--

--

2015/Houses of Parliament

Head of Government

--

--

--

--

2015/Caribbean Elections

Head of State

--

--

--

--




Violence against Women

Number and percentage of intimate partner homicides (2013)

Homicides

 

Female

Male

% of total homicides

Intimate partner homicides

8

0

0.67

Source: ECLAC

 

 

 

Gender and Poverty

Poverty and poverty status of vulnerable populations by sex/age group (based on country’s poverty index/line)

Age group

Female

Male

Indigenous

Disabled

Elderly

PLHIV

Year/Source

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

 0-14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15-24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25-34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35-44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45-54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

55-64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Source:

 

Key

N/A        Not available

--            Not applicable



[1] Net enrolment rate – the number of children of the official school age enrolled in the educational level as a percentage of the total children of the official school age population.

[2] Formula: 100 000 x (Total number of students enrolled in tertiary education in a given academic year/country’s population).

[3] Email dated 10 April 2015

[4] See Footnote 3