Belize

Overview of Country Gender Equality Status



Normative and Policy Frameworks

Domestic Violence Act

Title

Date Passed

Date Amended

Contents

Key Amendments

The Domestic Violence (Protection Orders) Act

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Protection Orders & Rehabilitation Orders

- Occupation Orders

- Bail

- Miscellaneous: arrest; jurisdiction; appeals; assistance to domestic violence victims; role of Ministry in alleviating domestic violence & abuse; ownership of property

 

Criminal Code (Rev’d)

2000

 

 

 

Gender Policy

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

Yes

Revised National Gender Policy

2013

 

National Strategic Action Plan on Gender Based Violence

In existence (Yes/No)

Title

Date

Notes

Yes

The National Gender-Based Violence Plan of Action

2010 - 2013

 

 

Regional and International Human Rights Conventions

CEDAW Convention                                                                                                                                                                                                       Optional Protocol

Year Signed/Year Ratified/Ascension (A)

Reporting Status

(Publication Date)

Report(s) Due

Concluding Observations

Year Signed/Year Ratified

7 March 1990/

16 May 1990

 

26 September 2005

5th & 6th Reports – 15 June 2011

39th Session – 15 August 2007

No signature date/
19, December 2002 (A)

 

 

Convention of Belem do Para

Year Signed/Year Ratified

Reporting Status

15 November 1996/
25 November 1996 (A)

Response to Second Multilateral Round Evaluation Questionnaire (2009-2014)

 

 

 

 

Universal Periodic Review

Reporting Status

Date of Consideration

Outcome of Review

Decision of the Outcome

18 February 2009

 

5 May 2009

12th Session – Working Group Report provided on 4 June 2009

30 September 2009

 

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Year Signed/Year Ratified

Reporting Status (Publication Date)

Concluding Observations

Report(s) Due

2 March 1990/

2 March 1990

 

2nd Report – 13 July 2004

38th Session - 31 March 2005

3rd & 4th Reports – 1 September 2007

 

Population/Demography

Population disaggregated by sex and age

Age Group

Females

Males

Both Sexes

 

Year/Source

No

%

No

%

No

 

0-14

56 828

49.5

57 920

50.5

114 748

2010/ Census

15-24

32 860

50.4

32 336

49.6

65 196

25-34

25 438

51.6

23 908

48.4

49 346

35-44

19 312

50.8

18 713

49.2

38 025

45-54

13 094

49.1

13 582

50.9

26 676

55-64

7 069

47.6

7 793

52.4

14 862

65+

6 620

48.7

6 967

51.3

13 587

Not stated

5

38.5

8

61.5

13

Total

161 226

50.0

161 227

50.0

322 453

Adolescent Fertility Rate

(births per 1,000)

71

--

--

--

--

2012/ World Bank

Life span

 

Years

Years

Years

2012/ World Bank

77

71

74

 

 

 

 

 

Education and Training

Student population by sex

Educational Level

Female

Male

Total

Year

Net enrolment

 rate (%)[i]

Year

No

%

No

%

No

 

Female

Male

Primary

25 420

48.4

27 153

51.6

52 573

2013

96.0

97.1

2013

Secondary

18 747

51.1

17 931

48.9

36 678

2013

77.1

71.5

2013

Tertiary (per 100 000

Inhabitants)[ii]

3 170

--

1 932

--

2 552

--

--

--

--

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics

 

Labour

Employment status by sex

Employment status

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

Employed

34 084

66 453

100 537

2010/ Census

Labour Force Participation Rate

48.3%

81.8%

--

2011/ ECLAC

Unemployment Rate

19.4%

5.9%

11.1%

April 2014/ Statistical Institute of Belize

Part-time employment

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

Employed Population by Economic Sector

Economic Sector

Female

Male

Total

Agriculture

1 522

18 267

19 789

Industry

1 704

3 709

5 413

Services

17 983

28 265

46 248

 

Source:  Population Census, 2000

 

 

Leadership and Decision-Making

Number and percentage of women and men in leadership positions

Leadership Positions

Female

Male

Total

Year/Source

No.

%

No.

%

Parliament

1

3.1

31

96.9

32

2012/ Inter-Parliamentary Union

Appointed chambers (Senate)

5

38.5

8

61.5

13

Civil Service - Permanent Secretaries

 

 

 

 

 

 

Civil Service – Heads of Departments

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chief of Police

--

--

--

--

2015/ Association of Caribbean Commissioners of Police

Judicial appointments

2

22.2

7

77.8

9

Accessed Feb 2015/ Government of Belize

 

Magistrates appointments

10

62.5

6

37.5

16

Accessed Feb 2015/ Government of Belize

Local government leaders

 

 

 

 

286

 

Government ministers

2

9.5

19

90.5

21

Accessed Feb 2015/ Government of Belize

Leaders of Parties

0

0.0

2

100.0

2

Accessed Feb 2015/ Caribbean Elections

Deputy Head of Party

 

 

 

 

 

 

Speaker of the Parliament

--

--

--

--

Accessed Feb 2015/ National Assembly of Belize

Head of Government

--

--

--

--

2015/ Caribbean Elections

Head of State

--

--

--

--

 

 

Violence against Women

Number and percentage of intimate partner homicides (Year)

Homicides

 

Female

Male

% of total homicides

Intimate partner homicides

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

Source:

 

 

Gender and Poverty

Poverty and poverty status of vulnerable populations by sex/age group (based on country’s poverty line of Bz$3 400)

Age group

Female

Male

Indigenous

Disabled

Elderly

PLHIV

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

 0-14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15-24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25-34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35-44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45-54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

55-64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

Source:


 

NOTES:



[i] Net enrolment rate – the number of children of the official school age enrolled in the educational level as a percentage of the total children of the official school age population.

[ii] Formula: 100 000 x (Total number of students enrolled in tertiary education in a given academic year/country’s population).

 

KEY

N/A        Not available
--            Not applicable